January 01 - Radio Beijing announces that Tibet will shortly be "liberated". 03 - Wafd Party wins Egyptian elections. 04 - Britain asks the US for a stockpile of atomic bombs. 05 - President Truman rules out military aid to the Nationalist Chinese. 06 - Britain formally recognises Maoist China. 10 - Russia walks out(...)


January 01 - Chinese and North Korean forces advance across the 38th Parallel and through UN lines. 01 - Bill Byford (Saxon) born. 04 - Seoul is captured by Communist troops. 09 - The UN retreat in Korea continues as Wonju falls to the Chinese and North Koreans. 09 - The United Nations new headquarters(...)


January 05 - Winston Churchill arrives in Washington for talks with Truman. 07 - General Dwight D Eisenhower says he will run for US President. 12 - The prototype Vickers Valiant, Britain's only long-range jet for carrying the atomic bomb, crashes. 13 - The Iranian government orders British Consulates to close. 16 - The Australian government agrees to allow the Anglo-Iranian Oil(...)


January 01 - The Maldive Islands become a republic. 01 - Arthur 'Bomber' Harris is knighted in the New Year Honours list. 01 - Hank Williams dies 02 - The RAFs first supersonic fighters, 400 US-designed Sabres, arrive at RAF Abingdon. 03 - Winston Churchill visits President Eisenhower. 10 - Pat Benatar born 14 -(...)


January 01 - Flashing indicator lights become legal on motor vehicles in Britain. 11 - A BOAC Comet jet airliner falls into the Mediterranean with the loss of 35 lives. 14 - Marilyn Monroe marries ex-baseballer Joe DiMaggio. 21 - First US nuclear submarine - USS Nautilus - is launched. 24 - New coalition in(...)


January 01 - The US gives $216 million in aid to South Vietnam. 02 - President Jose Remon is assassinated in Panama. 06 - Comic actor (Blackadder and Mr Bean) Rowan Atkinson is born. 12 - US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles outlines the government's new "massive retaliation" nuclear policy, which calls for "a great(...)


January 01 - Sudan becomes an independent Republic. 03 - USSR gives technical aid to China. 03 - Movie star Mel Gibson is born in New York. 05 - Prince Rainier III of Monaco announces his engagement to actress Grace Kelly. 12 - More British troops arrive in Cyprus. 13 - Anti-US rioters burn down(...)


January 01 - Grandmaster Flash (Joseph Saddler) born. 04 - A London man upset with the shape of his nose is jailed for ten years for threatening a plastic surgeon with a gun. 07 - Chinese Premier Chou En-lai visits the USSR. 09 - Sir Anthony Eden resigns as British Prime Minister on grounds of(...)


January 01 - Albanian fighters shoot down a British freight plane that allegedly strayed into Albanian airspace. 01 - The European Economic Community (the "common market") comes into being. The UK is not included. 01 - West German forces join NATO. 01 - A BOAC Britannia sets a world record airline flight of 7 hours(...)


January 01 - The dictator of Cuba, Fulgencio Batista, is overthrown by Fidel Castro's guerrillas and flees to the Dominican Republic. 02 - Fidel Castro proclaims a new government in Cuba. 02 - The USSR launches lunar rocket Luna 1 in an attempt to reach the Moon. The projectile misses and goes into orbit around(...)


January 01 - French Cameroon becomes the Republic of Cameroon with Ahmadun Ahidjo as its first president. 01 - Johnny Cash performs a New Year Concert for the prisoners at San Quentin penitentiary in California. One particularly impressed inmate is a young Merle Haggard, serving time for armed robbery. The event inspires Haggard to concentrate(...)


January 01 - In Britain, the Farthing (¼ of a penny) is withdrawn from circulation and ceases to be legal tender. 02 - Oral contraceptives for women go on sale in Australia. 03 - US severs diplomatic relations with Cuba. 03 - The millionth Morris Minor rolls off the production line in the UK. 03(...)


January 01 - Western Samoa becomes independent. 01 - The Beatles are turned down by Decca Records, whose A&R man Dick Rowe enters the history books when he advises them that "groups with guitars are out". 03 - Fidel Castro is excommunicated by the Pope for his anti-clerical policies. 07 - 17 Yugoslav seamen are(...)


January 01 - In Australia, the Bogle/Chandler case mystifies police who believe poison may have been used to kill the couple. 02 - UPI reports that 30 Americans have died in Vietnam combat to date. 10 - Premier of Cliff Richard's Summer Holiday movie in London. 14 - President de Gaulle dashes British EEC hopes(...)


January 01 - In Britain, the first edition of Top of the Pops screens on the BBC. Host Jimmy Savile introduces The Rolling Stones, Dusty Springfield, The Hollies, The Swinging Blue Jeans and The Dave Clark Five. 03 - Barry Goldwater announces his candidacy for the US Presidency. 05 - The first ticket collecting machine(...)

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