Music – 1960s

Andy Williams

Howard Andrew Williams was born in Iowa and started singing professionally with his three older brothers – Bob, Don and Dick – as the Williams Brothers Quartet. They worked in night clubs and on radio and backed Bing Crosby on his number one record Swinging on a Star in 1944. Embarking on a solo career in the 1950s,(…)

Angel Pavement

Angel Pavement, like their fellow York renegades The Smoke, found their spiritual home as part of producer Monty Babson’s Morgan Blue Town stable of artists in the late 1960s. The group grew out of a soul-based band called Wesley Hardin’s Shotgun Package in 1967, and guitarist and singer, Alfie Shepherd had his mind set on forming(…)

Angels, The

The Angels formed in 1961 when sisters Barbara (Bibs) and Phyllis (Jiggs) Allbut joined with lead singer Linda Jansen and recorded their first hit on Caprice Records,‘ Til. This was followed by Cry Baby Cry in 1962 and the album And the Angels Sing. Linda Jansen left after a year with Kerri Downs filling in at live shows(…)

Animals, The

Alan Price started out as a northern British bluesman, playing with a combo of Hilton Valentine, Bryan ‘Chas’ Chandler and John Steel on the Newcastle club circuit. Price played a mean set of keyboards and had a soul-tinged voice that was sexy but lacked the ferocity to cover the grubbier end of rock. However, in(…)


Born Marie Antoinette Daly in Southend, Essex, between the ages of 13 and 15, Antoinette (later known as Toni Daly) recorded half a dozen singles, none of which were hits. But the quality of her recordings has ensured her a lasting popularity with fans of 1960s British girl pop. She landed her first recording contract,(…)

Aphrodite’s Child

Aphrodite’s Child were formed in Athens, Greece, by singer Demis Roussos and keyboard player Evangahlos O. Papathanassiou (better known later as Vangelis) in the mid 1960’s. They originally recorded a single for Philips Records in Greece (Plastics Nevermore b/w The Other People) under the name The Papathanassiou Set. The recordings showed that the band had absorbed the(…)

Applejacks, The

The Applejacks hailed from Solihull in the West Midlands where, in 1960, guitarists Martin Baggott and Philip Cash were in a church youth club skiffle group called The Crestas. Drummer Gerry Freeman persuaded Megan Davies, a fellow Sunday School teacher (and later his wife) to come in on bass. Adding organist Don Gould in 1962(…)


This 1960s psychedelic band was fronted by songwriter, guitarist and vocalist Miguel Sergides with Graham Best on bass, Allan Ellwood on organ, John Albert Parker on drums and Robert Ellwood on lead guitar. Arcadium’s cathedral-like organ, distorted guitar and anguished vocals were clearly derivative of bands such as The Doors, Iron Butterfly and Vanilla Fudge –(…)

Archie Bell & The Drells

In 1967, Texan Archie Bell received his daft letter from the US Army. Bell was understandably depressed at the prospect of going to serve in Vietnam so his bandmate Huey ‘Billy’ Butler performed a silly dance to cheer him up, naming it the ‘Tighten Up’. They wrote a song about it on the spot, and(…)

Archies, The

Don Kirshner and Ron Dante worked together as teenagers for Aldon Music, whose roster of writers included Neil Sedaka, Gerry Goffin and Carole King. After singing on their demo recordings, Dante started writing his own songs. When Kirshner devised The Archies concept he approached Dante and asked him to sing on the sessions (along with vocalists Toni(…)

Aretha Franklin

Daughter of Detroit’s acclaimed Baptist preacher, the Reverend C L Franklin, Aretha Louise Franklin was just into her twenties when she signed to Atlantic in November 1966, but had already experienced more than a dozen years in the music biz – most recently at Columbia Records, where she had lost the company a then-whopping $90,000 over six(…)

Arlo Guthrie

The son of Woody Guthrie started singing professionally in 1966. In 1967 he made it with his song Alice’s Restaurant, which was the high spot of that year’s Newport Folk Festival. Arlo’s humour was evident on the song, along with his other ‘long song’, Motorcycle. Guthrie made a film of Alice’s Restaurant in 1969 and a good song became(…)

Arthur Alexander

Arthur Alexander – “June” to his friends – wrote and recorded Muscle Shoals’ first big nationwide R&B hit, 1962’s You Better Move On.  The song made it to #24 on the Billboard pop chart and transformed Alexander from a bellhop at a Sheffield, Alabama, hotel to a singer sharing the stage with soul legends Ben E. King,(…)

Arthur Conley

Born in Atlanta, Arthur Conley was discovered by Otis Redding in 1965 when singing with Arthur and The Corvets. Otis produced many of Conley’s records for Stax-Volt including his two 1967 hits, Sweet Soul Music and Shake, Rattle and Roll. Arthur Conley died from intestinal cancer on 17 November 2003 in the town of Ruurlo in the Netherlands,(…)


The Artwoods secured a loyal fan-base in the 60s wowing the hipsters at London’s Speakeasy, Klooks Kleek, The 100 Club and Eel Pie Island, with an irresistible set of soul and blues covers. Between 1964 and 1967 they recorded six singles, an EP (Jazz In Jeans) and the LP Art Gallery. These days, original copies of(…)