Music – 1960s

Association, The

Formed in California in 1965, The Association enjoyed a brief reign in the international music charts during the mid-60s. They were clean-cut and had immense style – and their music, which relied on intricate six-part vocal harmony, became known as “the new American sound’ and ‘sunshine pop‘. During 1966 the group chalked up two massive(…)

Astronauts, The

Atlantic Records

Atlantic Records has introduced the world to some of the most influential musicians this planet has ever produced; Jazz icons such as John Coltrane, Charles Mingus and Ornette Coleman, and rock giants like Led Zeppelin, Crosby, Stills and Nash, Yes and Bad Company. But Atlantic will always be primarily associated with the urban sound of black America. This was, after(…)

Atlantics, The

Rock Historian Glenn A Baker has called The Atlantics “one of the most extraordinarily talented rock groups Australia has ever produced”. The band’s sound encompassed surf instrumentals and sneering garage-punk and, as well as issuing 18 singles under its own name, the band also backed Aussie rocker Johnny Rebb for a series of fine singles between 1964(…)

Attack, The

This mid-60s Mod-influenced UK group (formerly known as The Soul System) were signed to Don Arden’s agency, Galaxy Entertainments, in the hope of emulating other mod protégés The Small Faces. Their debut release for Decca was a version of The Standells‘ Try It. The Attack released further singles, including Colour Of My Mind and Neville Thumbcatch on Decca, but they were all(…)

Avengers , The

This Brisbane-based Australian combo initially plied their wares on the club and discotheque circuit, mainly performing cover versions of the Top 40 hits of the day. They did, however, release two swinging pop singles for Columbia/EMI: What Price Love? (June 1968) and Listen, Listen (January 1969). In 1969 the band were managed by former Twilights vocalist Glenn Shorrock, while(…)


Formed in Melbourne in 1969, Axiom were arguably Australia’s first “supergroup”. Yet, in spite of a wealth of talent and promise, some notable chart successes and two superb albums of original material, they failed to achieve lasting popularity, due in part to waning public support in Australia as they vainly tried to crack the fickle(…)

Aynsley Dunbar Retaliation, The

In 1967 the young Liverpudlian skinsman (ex-The Mojos, John Mayall’s Bluesbreakers and The Jeff Beck Group) surrounded himself with some hot talent for The Aynsley Dunbar Retaliation, including ex-Shotgun Express guitarist John Moorshead and singer Victor Brox. The Retaliation were big favourites in the British blues clubs and landed a four album deal with Liberty, all of which command(…)

Bachelors, The

This Irish trio formed in Dublin in 1958 as a folk harmonica band called The Harmonichords (also known as The Harmony Chords) before singer Patrick O’Hagan persuaded them to add singing to their act and they became the very first Irish ‘boy band’. Signing to Decca Records in the UK they changed their name in(…)



Badfinger began life in Wales in 1964 as The Iveys. After honing their approach as a support act for groups including The Who, The Spencer Davis Group and The Yardbirds, in late 1966 The Iveys cut their first demo with producer Ray Davies. The group then headed towards The Beatles Apple offices in the hope of being signed as both(…)

Bakerloo Blues Line, The

Managed by Jim Simpson (first manager of Black Sabbath), this hard working Birmingham trio formed in 1968 and was fronted by guitarist David ‘Clem’ Clempson, a self-confessed Clapton fanatic. They signed to Gus Dudgeon’s Tuesday Productions, who also handled Tea & Symphony, Magna Carta and Mike Chapman, and after securing a one-off deal with EMI’s new progressive outlet,(…)

Band of Angels

Singer Christian (John) Gaydon, keyboard player Mike d’Abo, guitarist John Baker, bass player David Wilkinson and drummer James Rugge-Price were a bunch of public schoolboys (from Harrow, no less) who performed in straw boaters and blazers and managed to secure their own comic strip in the UK pop magazine sponsored by Radio Luxembourg, Fab 208. They were(…)

Band, The

Amid media speculation, Bob Dylan‘s backing group, The Band, released their debut album Music From Big Pink in 1968. It was named after the house they recorded it in (in West Saugerties, New York) and it entered the US album charts on August 10. The unusually high interest in The Band’s autonomous debut was mainly due to the(…)

Barbara Acklin

Barbara Mason

As an 18-year-old in 1965, Barbara Mason captured the innocent stirrings of adolescence on the self-penned Yes I’m Ready, a US #3 R&B hit which is widely acknowledged as the beginning of the Philadelphia sound, with its use of sweet, sweeping strings and the musicians who would go on to form the nucleus of the Philadelphia(…)