Cold War

Bay of Pigs

Fidel Castro overthrew the US-backed Batista dictatorship in January 1959 to take control of Cuba, and in 1960 he took over US oil refineries in the country. In response, the United States stopped buying Cuban sugar and Castro retaliated by seizing all US-owned businesses in Cuba. When John F Kennedy replaced Dwight Eisenhower as president of(...)

Berlin Wall

In 1945, at the end of WWII, Germany was divided into a Soviet Zone in the East, and British, French and American Zone in the West. The border between East and West Germany was closed on 26 May 1953. Control of the city of Berlin was also split. President John F Kennedy brought a new firm(...)

Cold War

Cold War

The term ''Cold War'' was first used by Bernard Baruch, advisor to US President Truman, in a speech made in April 1947. He spoke about Truman's intent for the USA to "support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures". The term came to be shorthand for the ideological,(...)

Collapse of Communism

The founders of communism promised a new kind of state based on fairness and equality. Under the leadership of Leonid Brezhnev, Soviet communism moved a long way from these ideals and became more corrupt. As a result ordinary people had less respect for communism. It was widely known that the family of Brezhnev was corrupt. Leading communists had(...)

Cuban Missile Crisis

In 1959 a revolution took place in Cuba and Fidel Castro came to power. He introduced a Soviet-style government on the island and he looked to the Soviet Union for support. In May 1960 the Soviet Premier vowed to defend Cuba against US aggression. After the Bay of Pigs ordeal, Cuban leader Fidel Castro was expecting another attempt, and(...)

Dwight D (Ike) Eisenhower

Dwight David Eisenhower was born on 14 October 1890, at Denison, Texas, the third of seven sons of David Jacob and Ida Elizabeth Stover Eisenhower. The family returned to Abilene, Kansas, in 1892 where Eisenhower graduated from Abilene High School in 1909. After leaving school Eisenhower worked at the Belle Springs Creamery until 1911. Eisenhower(...)

Fallout Shelters

As the 1950s dawned, a Communist attack seemed imminent. The Russians had grabbed Berlin and in 1949 had successfully tested their own A-bomb. China had fallen to the Communists, South Korea teetered on the brink, and America believed the Red menace had infiltrated their very society. The House Un-American Activities Committee started its investigations in(...)

John F Kennedy

1 9 1 7 - 1 9 6 3 Born in 1917, John Fitzgerald Kennedy was the second son of a millionaire Democrat power-broker, Joseph P Kennedy. Jack graduated from Harvard in 1940 and saw service with the Marines during WWII, winning the Navy and Marine Corps medal and the Purple Heart when he was wounded(...)

Nikita Khrushchev

1 8 9 4 - 1 9 7 1 A coal miner's son from Kalinovka, Ukraine, Nikita Khrushchev became involved in trade union activities during World War I, and joined the Bolsheviks after the October Revolution. In January 1919, Khrushchev joined the Red Army and fought against the Whites in the Ukraine during the Civil(...)