Home Decades 1980s 1989

1989

January

01Fidel Castro completes 30 years in power in Cuba.

02 – The US and Canada sign a comprehensive free trade agreement which eliminates tariffs and other barriers to trade and investment.

04 – US Navy jets shoot down two Libyan MiG-23 fighters 112 kilometres off the Libyan coast. The Pentagon says they fired in self-defence.

05 – Former Ugandan leader Idi Amin, now persona non grata in Saudi Arabia, is detained in Kinshasa after arriving on a false passport.

07 – Emperor Hirohito of Japan dies at age 87 from cancer of the duodenum. He is succeeded by his son, Akihito.

08 – In another major British air disaster, only 18 days after Lockerbie, a British Midland Boeing 737 airliner crashes next to the M1 motorway between Nottingham and Leicester, killing 44 of the 125 onboard. The pilot of the 737, on a flight from Heathrow to Belfast, had reported engine difficulties and was lining up for an emergency landing at East Midlands airport. But the plane came down in flames less than half a mile away from the village of Kegworth. A report by the UK Air Accidents Investigation Branch later finds the flight crew had shut down the wrong engine.

11 – Assistant commissioner of the Australian Federal Police, Colin Winchester, 55, is shot dead in the driveway of his Canberra home. He is the highest ranking Police officer to be assassinated in Australia.

12 – Former Ugandan leader Idi Amin is deported from Zaire to Senegal.

16 – Three days of rioting begin in Miami after a Hispanic policeman shoots and kills an unarmed black man fleeing arrest.

16 – In Prague, hundreds of riot police storm Wenceslas Square and attack demonstrators demanding freedom.

17 – Five Asian children are killed by a gunman at their Stockton, California elementary school. The gunman injures 30 others before killing himself.

18 – South African president P W Botha, aged 73, suffers a mild stroke in Cape Town.

20George Bush sworn in as 41st US President.

23 – 274 people die after a powerful earthquake strikes the Soviet Central Asian republic of Tajikistan.

23 – Spanish artist Salvador Dali dies (b. 1904).

26 – Lone round-the-world yachtswoman Kay Cottee is named ‘Australian of the Year’.


February

02Last Soviet troops leave Kabul. All 120,000 Soviet military personnel will have left Afghanistan within the next ten days.

02 – F W de Klerk leads South Africa after Botha resigns.

02 – Alfredo Stroessner, brutal dictator of Paraguay for 34 years, is overthrown by General Andres Rodriguez.

12 – Leading solicitor Pat Finucane – accused of being “unduly sympathetic” to the IRA – is shot dead at his home in north Belfast. The killers burst in as he is eating his Sunday dinner with his wife and three children and shower them with 14 bullets. Loyalist paramilitary group the Ulster Freedom Fighters admits the killing the following day.

14 – Iranian Muslim leader Ayatollah Khomeini issues a fatwa ordering the death of British writer Salman Rushdie for alleged blasphemy in his novel Satanic Verses.

15 – Soviet troops withdraw from Afghanistan, nine years after they swept into the country. A convoy of Soviet armoured vehicles travels the 260-mile (418km) journey to the USSR border while other soldiers leave aboard an Ilyushin 76 transport aircraft.

16 – Salman Rushdie cancels a three-week trip to America and goes into hiding under police guard.

17 – British police confirm the Lockerbie air crash was caused by a bomb hidden in a radio-cassette player.

20 – IRA bombers attack an army barracks at Tern Hill in Shropshire. Fifty members of the 2nd Battalion the Parachute Regiment escape injury when sentry Lance Corporal Alan Norris spots two men acting suspiciously in the early hours of this morning and raises the alarm. The barracks are evacuated shortly before two bombs detonate.

21 – Indian tribal leaders gather in the Amazon town of Altamira in a campaign to stop a hydroelectric dam project which will further deplete the Amazon rainforest.

24 – Nine people die in a freak accident when they are sucked from a Boeing 747 and dumped into the Pacific Ocean. An explosion, believed caused by structural failure, ripped a huge hole in the right side of the United Airlines plane shortly after take-off from Honolulu. The victims and a section of seats were blown through the gaping hole as air rushed through the plane. One horrified passenger, seated across the aisle from the blast, grabbed an air-hostess to stop her being sucked from the plane. Passengers cheered when the Sydney-bound plane returned to Honolulu and landed safely.

25 – Mike Tyson retains his world heavyweight title, stopping Briton Frank Bruno in the fifth round in Las Vegas.


March

01 – Australian Pensioner Gwendolin Mitchelhill is the first victim of Sydney’s ‘Granny Killer‘. Six elderly women are murdered over a 13 month period at Mosman on Sydney’s North Shore.

01 – A dusk to dawn curfew is imposed in Venezuela after 100 die in riots sparked by big increases in consumer prices.

04  – Six people die and 80 are injured, some of them seriously, in a train crash at Purley in Surrey when a train travelling from Horsham to London is hit from behind by another train going from Littlehampton to London.

07 – China declares martial law in Tibet.

09 – Kermit Beahan, the bombardier who dropped the A-bomb on Nagasaki in 1945 killing 70,000, dies aged 70 in the USA.

10 – 16 die in Tibet in riots to mark the 30th anniversary of the first rebellion against Chinese rule.

14 – Former world chess champion Anatoly Karpov is elected to the revamped Soviet parliament.

20 – Two senior RUC officers – Chief Superintendent Harry Breen and Superintendent Bob Buchanan – negotiating cross-border security co-operation in south Armagh are ambushed and shot dead by the IRA.

20 – Australian PM Bob Hawke cries on television and admits marital infidelity.

22 – Professional US baseball player and manager Pete Rose is accused of betting on baseball. If convicted, it will trivialise his nomination into the hall of fame as well as suspend him from the league for an indefinite amount of time.

24 – Oil supertanker Exxon Valdez runs aground on a reef off the Alaskan coast, releasing gallons of crude oil into the sea. The 11 million gallon spill is the worst in history.

26 – Soviet people cast ballots in the first free national election since the October Revolution in 1917.

28 – Reformist Boris Yeltsin wins in USSR election.

31 – Captain Joseph Hazelwood is fired because of an excessive blood alcohol reading at the time of the Exxon Valdez oil spill.


April

04 – Exxon apologises for the Alaskan oil spill.

09 – 42 Soviet sailors die after an explosion sinks their nuclear-powered submarine off the coast of Sweden.

09 – Wayne Gardner wins the inaugural Australian Motorcycle Grand Prix at Phillip Island.

12 – American boxer Sugar Ray Robinson dies.

13 – American writer and anti-war protester Abbie Hoffman dies.

15 – A police officer orders a gate to be opened at a football stadium to allow in a tightly packed crowd of fans to watch an FA Cup semi-final. The result is the worst ever disaster in Britain’s sporting history. 94 people perish and 170 are injured when Liverpool supporters rush onto the already crowded section of the west stand at Hillsborough in Sheffield during a match between Liverpool and Nottingham Forest. Victims are crushed in the entrance tunnel, on the steps up to the terraces and against the perimeter fence.

17 – The trade union Solidarity is legalised in Poland.

18 – Chinese students begin mass pro-democracy protests in Tiananmen Square, Beijing.

19 – An explosion kills 47 sailors aboard the battleship USS Iowa. The ship was 300 miles north of Puerto Rico at the time.

19 – British novelist Daphne du Maurier dies.

21 – 150,000 gather in Tiananmen Square, Beijing, to mourn former leader Hu Yaobang and to demand reform.

26 – Lucille Ball dies in Los Angeles of an aortal rupture, aged 77.


May

05Oliver North found guilty on three charges.

09 – Pablo Picasso’s self-portrait sells for $47.9 million in London.

14 – Carlos Menem elected as Argentina’s President.

15 – Bond University in Australia takes first students.

24 – A British jury awards Sonia Sutcliffe, wife of the Yorkshire Ripper Peter Sutcliffe, £600,000 damages for a libel by the satirical magazine Private Eye.

25Mikhail Gorbachev is elected president of USSR by the new Congress of People’s Deputies.

27 – An anti-Salman Rushdie march by 20,000 Moslems in the UK ends in 101 arrests and clashes with police.

28 – Australian entrepreneur Dick Smith completes round-the-world flight.

29Boris Yeltsin is elected to the Supreme Soviet following popular outrage at his being denied a seat.

30 – Students erect a 30-foot high Statue of Liberty in Tiananmen Square, Beijing.

30 – Tim Anderson is charged with the 1978 bombing of the Hilton Hotel in Sydney.


June

02 – Bill Wyman of The Rolling Stones, 52, marries Mandy Smith, 18, after dating her for five years.

02 – Sosuke Uno is sworn in as Japanese Prime Minister.

03Ayatollah Khomeini dies in Iran.

04 – Several hundred civilians are shot dead as Chinese troops massacre protesters in Peking’s (Beijing) Tiananmen Square. Tanks rumble through the capital’s streets as the army move into the square from several directions, randomly firing on unarmed protesters.

04 – The first partially democratic elections in Poland are held.

04 – Children setting out on their summer holidays are among the victims of what is probably the worst rail disaster in Soviet history. Shortly after 1.00 am two passing trains on the Trans – Siberian Railway, both brimful of passengers, are destroyed by an explosion of gas from a leaking pipeline. The death toll could be more than 800. Hours before the disaster a smell of leaking gas was noticed up to five miles from the pipeline. Instead of looking for the leak, an employee turned up the pressure of the liquefied gas. The crossing of the trains kindled the catastrophe.

05Solidarity inflicts a crushing defeat on the Communist Party in Polish elections.

13 – The wreck of the German battleship Bismarck, which was sunk in 1941, is found in the Atlantic Ocean 1,000 kilometres west of Brest.

15Gorbachev says that the Berlin Wall could disappear one day.

16 – Former Communist prime minister Imre Nagy, the man who symbolises the 1956 Hungarian uprising, is given a formal public funeral 31 years after he was executed.

22 – 24 student heroes of the democracy campaign have been executed in the Chinese government’s ruthless clampdown.


July

05 – Oliver North is sentenced to two years probation and 1,200 hours of community service for his part in the Iran-Contra affair. The decorated Vietnam veteran is convicted of three – out of 12 – charges relating to illegal United States’ support for the Contra rebels in Nicaragua in the mid-1980s.

06 – Chris Evert plays her last match at Wimbledon, losing to Steffi Graf in a semi-final.

10 – Reverend Jerry Falwell officially disbands the Moral Majority, stating that his goal of getting fundamentalist Christians involved in national politics has been achieved.

10 – “That’s All Folks!” – Mel Blanc, the voice of Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig and many others, dies aged 81 in Los Angeles.

10 – A series of nationwide strikes by coal miners starts in the Soviet Union.

11 – Acting great Sir Laurence Olivier passes away in England.

14 – 16-year-old Claire Leighton dies in the UK’s trendiest club, The Haçienda in Manchester, after taking Ecstasy.

14 – About 500 people are involved in scuffles in the Place de la Bastille in Paris as hundreds of thousands of revellers take to the streets of the French capital to celebrate the 200th anniversary of the storming of the Bastille.

14 – A controversial glass pyramid outside the Louvre, Paris, is opened.

19 – Of the 298 on board, 150 survive the crash of United Airlines flight 232.

21 – 100,000 coal miners end crippling 10-day strike after Gorbachev warns they are threatening perestroika.

25 – The Princess of Wales opens a new AIDS centre in south-east London. She gives director Jonathan Grimshaw – diagnosed HIV positive five years ago – a firm handshake before going inside the Landmark Centre in Tulse Hill for a private tour.

28 – Pravda attacks Gorbachev‘s reforms.

31 – Arab terrorists hang a US soldier after their demands are not met.


August

01 – The oldest person in Britain celebrates her 112th birthday. Charlotte Marion Hughes, from Marske in Cleveland, was born on 1 August 1877 – the same day that Alexander Bell founded his first telephone company.

01 – 16 English cricketers announce they will tour South Africa next northern winter.

04 – At his first press conference, Emperor Akihito defends the right of people to accuse his father, Hirohito, of war atrocities.

05 – The All Blacks defeat the Wallabies 24 – 12 in Auckland, New Zealand.

08 – For the first time since the Challenger disaster in 1987 the US launches a manned space flight, as the Space Shuttle Columbia blasts off from Cape Canaveral, Florida.

08 – Geoffrey Palmer is elected Prime Minister of New Zealand.

08 – After eight years of guerrilla warfare, the US-backed Contras are to be demobilised in Nicaragua.

09 – Army General Colin R. Powell is the first black chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

09President Bush signs a bill appropriating $166 billion over ten years for the bail-out of troubled savings and loan associations. 75% of the money will be taken from the income taxes of US citizens.

10 – 99 people are killed in Mexico when a train plunges off a bridge into a flooded river.

10 – Toshiki Kaifu is sworn in as Japanese Prime Minister amid media reports of money and sex scandals.

11 – Australian actor John Meillon dies (b. 1/5/1934).

13 – Two hot air balloons collide at a height of 2,000 ft over Alice Springs in Australia, killing 13 people.

14 – South African president P W Botha resigns and is succeeded by F W de Klerk, who begins to dismantle the apartheid system.

15 – Australian missionary Jacqueline Hamill is shot dead while being held hostage at a Philippines jail.

18 – Manchester United Football Club is sold for £20m in the biggest takeover deal in the history of British football. The new owner is Isle of Man-based property tycoon and former footballer, Michael Knighton.

20 – 51 people drown when the pleasure cruiser Marchioness – packed with young party-goers – collides with the dredger Bowbelle on the River Thames. Both vessels are moving downriver towards Southwark Bridge in the early hours of Sunday morning when they collide. The 90-ton Marchioness is struck by the 2,000-ton dredger, forcing it directly into the larger vessel’s path. The Bowbelle then ran over the cruiser forcing it underwater “like a bicycle being run over by a lorry”.

23 – Hundreds of thousands of Latvians, Lithuanians, and Estonians form a human chain to protest against their annexation by the Soviet Union.

24 – Poland becomes the first Eastern Bloc country to appoint a non-Communist PM and end one-party rule, Tadeusz Mazowiecki – Lech Walesa having turned down the leadership.

24 – 1,645 Australian airline pilots resign en masse.

25 – The unmanned Voyager 2 spacecraft sends back the first close-up pictures of Neptune and its satellite planets.

30 – US scientists identify the cystic fibrosis gene.

31 – Princess Anne and Captain Mark Phillips announce they have decided to separate after 16 years of marriage.


September

03 – 45 of the 54 on board a Boeing 737 survive when the plane crash lands in the Amazon jungle.

03 – The US begins shipping military aircraft and weapons worth $65 million, to help Colombia in its fight against drug lords.

07 – A shipment of 100,000 Australian sheep is rejected by Saudi Arabia on the grounds that they are diseased.

07 – Legislation is approved by the US Senate that prohibits discrimination against the disabled in employment, public accommodation, transportation and communications.

11 – Hungary first to lift Iron Curtain, opening its borders with Austria. Thousands of East German refugees take the opportunity to leave for the West.

13 – 20,000 take part in the biggest anti-apartheid march in Cape Town for 30 years, a week after the National Party is re-elected.

14 – After nearly 30 years in exile, SWAPO President Sam Nujoma returns home to Namibia.

18 – A Gorbachev adviser says that “Pravda tells lies and should be closed down”.

19 – The San Diego Yacht Club is ruled winner of the 1988 America’s Cup, reversing a decision that gave the prize to New Zealand’s Mercury Bay Boating Club.

21 – Hurricane Hugo sweeps across South Carolina and Georgia in the US causing $8 billion of damage and many deaths.

22 – An IRA bomb kills 10 young bandsmen at the Royal Marine School of Music in Deal, Kent. 22 men are also injured in the explosion, eight seriously.

22 – Irving Berlin – who gave America some of its greatest popular songs, including God Bless America, Easter Parade and White Christmas – dies at the age of 101. When he stopped producing hits at the age of 75, he had outsold his great competitors Gershwin, Kern and Porter with an output of 900 songs. His real name was Israel Baline and his family emigrated from Siberia when he was four.

23 – Lithuania votes to declare invalid the 1940 Soviet annexation of the republic.

24 – The Canberra Raiders defeat Balmain 19 – 14 in the Australian Rugby League Grand Final.

26 – The last of the Vietnamese Army leave Cambodia.

28 – The FDA announces that it will allow DDI (dideoxyinosine), an experimental AIDS drug, to be prescribed to AIDS patients while it is still being tested. To date, over 106,000 cases of AIDS have been reported in the US, and over 61,000 Americans have died of the disease.

28 – Exiled former Philippines leader Ferdinand Marcos (born 117) dies in Hawaii.

29 – In what is the largest single drug seizure in history, federal agents discover 20 tons of cocaine (with a street value of $2 billion) in a warehouse in California’s San Fernando Valley.


October

01 – Pakistan rejoins the British Commonwealth after a 17-year absence.

02 – Three Anglican clergymen disrupt a church service in Rome attended by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr Robert Runcie, accusing him of betraying Protestant Britain. The demonstrations are part of an ongoing campaign against Archbishop Runcie’s vision of universal primacy.

05 – The Dalai Lama is named the winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.

05 – US television evangelist Jim Bakker is found guilty of fleecing his followers of some $158 million.

06 – Screen veteran Bette Davis dies in Paris, France.

07Gorbachev begins a visit to East Germany and tells his hosts it’s time for change.

17 – A global ban on ivory trading is ratified in Switzerland by the Endangered Species convention.

18 – The Communist leader of East Germany, Erich Honecker, is forced to step down as leader of the country. The official reason for his departure is said to be “ill health” but failure to deal with the tide of discontentment sweeping the country and the party is thought to be the real reason.

19 – Eighty-three people are believed to have died and a further 650 injured when at 5.04 pm local time an earthquake, triggered by the San Andreas fault, strikes the San Francisco Bay area. The quake, which measures 6.9 on the Richter scale, wrecks homes and offices, cuts off vital services and brings chaos to the cities of San Francisco and neighbouring Oakland. The bulk of the deaths come when a half-mile section of the double-decker Interstate 880 motorway collapses, crushing those in vehicles travelling on the lower deck. California declares a state of emergency and the cost of the damage may total $10 billion.

19 – Hungarian parliament legalises opposition parties.

19 – The “Guildford Four” are released and have their convictions quashed by the Court of Appeal following an extensive inquiry into the original police investigation. The four were jailed for life in 1975 for bombing pubs in Guildford in attacks that left five people dead and over 100 injured. They each served 15 years in prison.

23 – A new Hungarian republic is declared.

23 – In Melbourne, Australia, Footscray Football Club supporters raise $1.1 million to stave off a merger with the Fitzroy club.

25 – Judge “Maximum Bob” Potter is true to his name in Charlotte, North Carolina, sentencing the disgraced evangelist Jimmy Bakker to 45 years imprisonment. He also fines Bakker $700,000 for swindling his followers. The TV evangelist comes up for parole in 1999.

25 – Communist party of Yugoslavia adopts a new policy of political pluralism.

26John Major becomes chancellor of the exchequer in the UK.


November

01 – Pakistan PM Benazir Bhutto narrowly survives a no-confidence motion.

02 – UK car-maker Jaguar is taken over by Ford America.

03 – Deposed Fijian Prime Minister Dr Timoci Bavadra dies (b. 1934).

04 – 500,000 people march in East Berlin and call for free elections.

06 – Satirical magazine Private Eye agrees to pay Sonia Sutcliffe (wife of the Yorkshire Ripper Peter Sutcliffe) £60,000. The British High Court had originally awarded £600,000 for libel but the damages were reduced after an appeal from the magazine.

07 – East Germany’s Communist-dominated government resigns – the first time such an event has occurred in the country’s 40-year history.

08The Beatles‘ legal battle with EMI over royalty payments, which has dragged on for 20 years, is finally settled when the record company agrees to pay the group many millions of pounds – the precise amount remains undisclosed.

09 – Few thought to see it happen in their lifetime, but at the stroke of midnight, thousands lining both sides of the Berlin Wall give a great roar and begin to pour through checkpoints as well as climbing over the wall. They dance and trumpet on top. They crowd onto the West Berlin streets, spraying champagne and sounding car horns until long past dawn. It all began quietly with mass protests and the flight of refugees continuing unabated, and Egon Krenz, the new leader, intent on showing sincerity about reform. It was declared yesterday that starting from midnight, East Germans would be free to leave the country, without special permission, at any point along the border, including the crossing points through the wall in Berlin. In 28 years, at least 75 people have met their death while trying to escape over the wall. Its last known victim died in March this year.

10 – In Bulgaria, Todor Zhivkov (78) – the longest serving East European boss – resigns.

16 – The South African government announces an end to apartheid on the country’s beaches.

17 – Riot police in Czechoslovakia arrest hundreds of people taking part in a protest march. More than 15,000 people, mostly students, take part in the demonstration, the biggest show of public dissent for two decades which comes in the wake of a wave of reform sweeping through other former Soviet bloc states.

18 – More than 50,000 people take to the streets of Sofia in Bulgaria demanding political reform. In the biggest demonstration in the country’s post-war history, protesters hold up banners and chant: “We want democracy now.”

21 – The British House of Commons is televised for the first time.

21 – Australian entrepreneur Christopher Skase’s Quintex empire goes bankrupt.

23 – A new National Unity Government is sworn in in Greece, led by Xenophon Zolotas.

24 – The Czech administration resigns following a week of violent anti-government demonstrations in Prague and elsewhere in the country.

25 – Elias Hrawi, a Christian, is the new president of Lebanon.

29 – Russian gymnast Nadia Comaneci, star of the 1976 Olympics, flees to Hungary. It is believed she is US-bound.


December

01 – Alliance leader Vishwanath Pratap Singh becomes India’s seventh Prime Minister.

01Mikhail Gorbachev meets Pope John Paul II in Rome, the first meeting between a Soviet leader and a Pontiff.

03President Bush and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev have their first summit meeting aboard the Soviet cruise ship, Maxim Gorky in Valetta, Malta. Both presidents make statements agreeing that the Cold War is finally over. Communism begins to collapse throughout Europe.

05 – Margaret Thatcher survives the first challenge to the leadership of the Conservative Party by beating backbencher Sir Anthony Meyer in a ballot at Westminster. But it is not the outright win commentators expect as one in six MPs do not vote for her. A total of 314 of the 374 Tory MPs eligible to vote endorse Mrs Thatcher, while 33 vote for Sir Anthony.

10 – Gustav Husak resigns as president of Czechoslovakia.

12 – Billionaire Leona Helmsley, who once remarked “only the little people pay taxes,” is fined $7 million and sentenced to four years’ imprisonment for tax evasion.

14 – Election victory for the Left in Chile ends 17-year rule of General Pinochet.

18 – Thousand demonstrating against the Ceausescu regime are killed in Rumania by security police.

20 – 24,000 US soldiers invade Panama to overthrow and capture military dictator Manuel Noriega. 23 Americans are killed and 323 wounded in the fighting which ends on 3 January 1990 with Noriega’s capture. He is brought to trial in Florida the following month where he is sentenced to 40 years in prison (later reduced to 30 years by a US judge).

20 – Lisa Marie Presley, the 21-year-old daughter of Elvis Presley, inherits his $100 million estate – although it will be managed by a trust until 1998.

22Nicolae Ceausescu‘s government in Romania is overthrown after a battle with security forces. Ceausescu and his wife go into hiding.

22 – Berlin’s most famous landmark the Brandenburg Gate opens for the first time in almost three decades. Thousands of people spill on to the city’s streets cheering in the pouring rain to watch the historic ceremony which effectively ends the division of East and West Germany.

22 – Irish playwright Samuel Beckett (b. 13/4/1906) dies in Paris at the age of 83.

23 – Another person is injured in the US due to a pipe bomb explosion. The bombing is one of a series of bombings linked to one person who becomes known as the ‘Unabomber‘.

25 – Deposed Romanian president Nicolae Ceausescu and his wife are executed by a firing squad after a secret military tribunal finds them both guilty of crimes against the state.

28 – Rescuers are trying to reach at least eight people feared still trapped in the ruins of the Newcastle Workers’ Club, which collapsed during Australia’s most devastating earthquake. There are 12 confirmed deaths in the quake, nine from the club and three from the inner suburb of Hamilton. The city’s business district has been severely damaged along with hundreds of thousands of other buildings and houses, in a damage bill estimated at around $1,500 million. Police and the army are in Newcastle in force, helping in rescue work, demolition of unsafe buildings and the prevention of looting. The Workers’ Club collapsed when the quake struck just before 10.30am. It was pension day and the club poker machines were pulsating as the members were still in festive mood on the Christmas break.

29 – Dissident Czech writer Vaclav Havel is elected president of Czechoslovakia.

31 – In Melbourne, 13-month-old Heidi Gellert becomes Australia’s youngest heart transplant recipient.


Also this year . . .

  •  In Australia, The Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) comes into existence. Ian Temby QC is the first Commissioner
  • Meteorologists pronounce 1989 to be the warmest year on record, worldwide
  • Computers across the West are hit by the “Friday the 13th” virus
  • Allan Border captains Australia to their first Ashes series win in 55 years
  • Liverpool win the FA Cup, defeating Everton 3-2 after extra time
  • ‘Nashwan’ wins the English Derby
  • ‘Tawriffic’ wins the Melbourne Cup
  • Canberra wins their first NSW rugby league first-grade premiership in Australia
  • The Simpsons premiers on US TV channel Fox

Quote of the year

“We are at the beginning of a long road to a lasting, peaceful era.”
Mikhail Gorbachev