1 9 2 8 – 1 9 6 7
Che Ernesto Guevara was born in Rosario, Argentina, and trained there as a doctor, but left his homeland in 1953 because of his opposition to the right-wing president Juan Perón.
In effecting the Cuban revolution of 1959 against the Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista, he was second only to Fidel Castro and Castro’s brother Raúl.
Between 1961 and 1965, he served as Cuba’s ministry of industry.
In 1965, he went to the Congo to fight against white mercenaries, and then to Bolivia, where he was killed in an unsuccessful attempt to lead a peasant rising near Vallegrande.
He was an orthodox Marxist and renowned for his guerrilla techniques.
In November 1995 the location of the mass grave in which Guevara’s body was buried was revealed by a witness to the burial to be in the village of Valle Grande in Bolivia.
The remains of Guevara were unearthed in 1997 and returned to Cuba for a hero’s burial.