Home Television Drama Roots/Roots: The Next Generation

Roots/Roots: The Next Generation

1 9 7 7 – 1 9 7 8 (USA)
4 x 120 minute episodes
4 x 60 minute episodes
1 9 7 9 – 1 9 8 1 (USA)

Suddenly, over eight consecutive nights in January 1977, there was Roots, a series about a black man’s search for his origins – a quest that took him back through American slavery to ancestors in a remote West African village.

But not only blacks were watching. The whole of the USA was enthralled by Alex Haley’s story about the slave Kunta Kinte, his daughter Kizzy, her son Chicken George, and so on through four generations.

The series chronicled the 100-year history of Kunta Kinte’s family, from capture in Africa by slave-traders around 1750, to eventual emancipation in post-Civil War America.

The story began in 1750 in the Mandinka village of Jufareh in The Gambia, West Africa, with the birth of Kunta Kinte (LeVar Burton) to Binta (Cicely Tyson) and Omoro (Thalmus Rasula).

roots_8

Kunta grew up free and happy until, at the age of 17, he was taken prisoner by white slave catchers and shipped to America on a vessel commanded by the conscience-stricken Captain Davies (Edward Asner) and his cruel third mate, Slater (Ralph Waite).

Kunta (played by John Amos as an adult) – being forced to adopt the new name of Toby by his new masters on a Tennessee plantation – remained rebellious for the rest of his life, making several attempts to escape and eventually losing a foot in the process. Then his daughter, Kizzy (Leslie Uggams), was born. She grew to womanhood and bore a son (after she was raped by her white owner), later to be named Chicken George (Ben Vereen), because he was skilled in the art of training fighting cocks.

Chicken George was sent into servitude in England in the 1820s, as rumours of slave rebellions swept the American South. Thirty years later he returned, an old but free man, only to find America on the brink of Civil War.

George’s son, Tom Harvey (Georg Stanford Brown), a plantation blacksmith, was recruited into the army, but after emancipation found that freedom meant little in a land of hooded nightriders and economic exploitation.

As the series ended, Tom – the great-grandson of Kunta Kinte – struck out to start a new life in Tennessee, and sow the roots for a better life for his free descendants.

Over the course of the saga, viewers saw brutal whippings and many agonising moments, rapes, the forced separations of families, slave auctions . . . but through it all, Roots compelled America to face its chequered past. It was hardly a serious history of slave-trading, but the emotional charge of a monstrous injustice was still there.

It was a landmark TV mini-series that towered over the decade, with 130 million viewers – over half of the population of the USA – tuned in to the last episode. In Britain, around 19 million viewers also became hooked on what turned out to be a decent yarn despite its comically unlikely sets of African villages – with manicured lawns and dwellings straight out of an Ideal Hut exhibition.

Two years after Roots made television history, the sequel Roots: The Next Generation picked up the story once again, this time in 1882 by which time Tom Harvey, great-grandson of Kunta Kinte, had established a marginal existence as a blacksmith in Henning, Tennessee.

Relations between the races were strained, and old prejudices survived. Tom forbade his daughter’s marriage to a light-skinned Negro because he was “too white” and town patriarch Colonel Warner (Henry Fonda) disowned his own son Jim (Richard Thomas) when he dared to marry a black schoolteacher.

Before long “literacy tests” were being used to deny blacks their recently won right to vote, and lynch law had reappeared.

Tom’s younger daughter, Cynthia (Bever-Leigh Banfield), married a hardworking young man named Will Palmer (Stan Shaw), who, despite the oppression, had risen to ownership of the local lumberyard.

In time Will would succeed Tom as leader of the local black community, as Ku Klux Klan terror swept the South. Will and Cynthia’s daughter, Bertha (Irene Cara), became the first descendant of Kunta Kinte to enter college. There, in 1912, she met ambitious young Simon Haley (Dorian Harewood), son of a sharecropper, whose education was being sponsored by a philanthropic white man.

After serving in a segregated combat unit during World War I, Simon returned to wed Bertha and begin teaching agriculture at a black college in Alabama. While Simon was organising farmers during the New Deal, his son, Alex (Christoff St. John as a child and Damon Evans as a young man), soaked up family lore from the older generation.

As World War II approached, Alex enlisted in the Coast Guard, where he spent the next 20 years. When he retired in 1960 (now played by James Earl Jones) he turned to writing, interviewing such national figures as black activist Malcolm X (Al Freeman Jr), whose ‘autobiography’ he helped write, and American Nazi leader George Lincoln Rockwell (Marlon Brando) – who held a gun on him throughout their conversation.

Then a visit to his boyhood home of Henning reignited his interest in his family’s past, all the way back to the ‘Old African’ Kunta Kinte, and started him on a journey to Africa to begin his greatest work.

Roots: The Next Generation was repeated as a weekly series from May to July 1981.

Kunta Kinte/Toby 
LeVar Burton (boy)
John Amos (man)
Binta 

Cicely Tyson
Omoro 

Thalmus Rasula
Nyo Boto 

Maya Angelou
Kadi Touray 

O. J. Simpson
The Wrestler 

Ji-Tu Cumbuka
Kintango 

Moses Gunn
Brimo Cesay 

Hari Rhodes
Fanta 

Ren Woods (1)
Beverly Todd (2)
Captain Davies 

Edward Asner
Third Mate Slater 

Ralph Waite
Gardner 

William Watson
Fiddler 

Louis Gossett Jr
John Reynolds 

Lorne Greene
Mrs Reynolds 

Lynda Day
George Ames 

Vic Morrow
Carrington
Paul Shenar
Dr William Reynolds 

Robert Reed
Bell 

Madge Sinclair
Grill 

Gary Collins
The Drummer 

Raymond St. Jacques
Tom Moore 

Chuck Connors
Missy Anne 

Sandy Duncan
Noah 

Lawrence-Hilton Jacobs
Ordell 

John Schuck
Kizzy 
Leslie Uggams
Squire James 

Macdonald Carey
Mathilda 

Olivia Cole
Mingo 

Scatman Crothers
Stephen Bennett 

George Hamilton
Mrs Moore 

Carolyn Jones
Sir Eric Russell 

Ian McShane
Sister Sara 

Lillian Randolph
Sam Bennett 

Richard Roundtree
Chicken George 

Ben Vereen
Evan Brent 

Lloyd Bridges
Tom Harvey

Georg Stanford Brown
Ol’ George Johnson 

Brad Davis
Lewis 

Hilly Hicks
Jemmy Brent 

Doug McClure
Irene Harvey

Lynne Moody
Martha 

Lane Binkley
Justin 

Burl Ives
Elizabeth Harvey
Debbi Morgan
Cynthia Harvey Palmer
Bever-Leigh Banfield
Cynthia Harvey Palmer (old)
Beah Richards
Col. Warner
Henry Fonda
Mrs Warner
Olivia de Havilland
Jim Warner
Richard Thomas
Andy Warner
Marc Singer
Will Palmer
Stan Shaw
Bertha Palmer Haley
Irene Cara
Chicken George Moore
Avon Long
Earl Crowther
Paul Koslo
Lee Garnett
Roger E. Mosley
Bob Campbell
Harry Morgan
Simon Haley
Dorian Harewood
Queen Haley
Ruby Dee
Big Slew Johnson
Rosey Grier
Dr Horace Huguley
Paul Winfield
Alex Haley (child)
Christoff St. John
Alex Haley (young man)
Damon Evans
Alex Haley (adult)
James Earl Jones
Nan Branch Haley
Debbie Allen
Malcolm X
Al Freeman Jr
George Lincoln Rockwell
Marlon Brando
Cousin Georgia
Lynn Hamilton