01 - French Cameroon becomes the Republic of Cameroon with Ahmadun Ahidjo as its first president.
01 - Johnny Cash performs a New Year Concert for the prisoners at San Quentin penitentiary in California. One particularly...
01 - In Britain, the Farthing (¼ of a penny) is withdrawn from circulation and ceases to be legal tender.
02 - Oral contraceptives for women go on sale in Australia.
03 - US severs diplomatic relations...
01 - Western Samoa becomes independent.
01 - The Beatles are turned down by Decca Records, whose A&R man Dick Rowe enters the history books when he advises them that "groups with guitars are out".
01 - In Australia, the Bogle/Chandler case mystifies police who believe poison may have been used to kill the couple.
02 - UPI reports that 30 Americans have died in Vietnam combat to date.
10 - Premier...
01 - In Britain, the first edition of Top of the Pops screens on the BBC. Host Jimmy Savile introduces The Rolling Stones, Dusty Springfield, The Hollies, The Swinging Blue Jeans and The Dave Clark...
01 - Stanley Matthews is the first-ever professional footballer to be knighted.
01 - The first hydrofoil service begins in Sydney Harbour in Australia.
02 - Indonesia withdraws from the United Nations.
04 - Poet and author T...
01 - Pope Paul VI appeals for peace in Vietnam.
01 - In Central African Republic, Colonel Jean-Bedel Bokassa seizes power.
05 - Pentridge Prison escapees Ronald Ryan and Peter Walker are captured in Concord, Sydney. The...
04 - Number of US troops in Vietnam reaches 486,000.
04 - The search for Australian Prime Minister Harold Holt's body at Portsea in Victoria is called off.
05 - Dr Benjamin Spock is indicted for his...
01 - West Indies cricketer and politician Sir Learie Constantine becomes Britain's first black life peer.
01 - Ohio State beats Southern California, 27 - 16, in the Rose Bowl to become US national collegiate football...
01 - Radio Beijing announces that Tibet will shortly be "liberated".
03 - Wafd Party wins Egyptian elections.
04 - Britain asks the US for a stockpile of atomic bombs.
05 - President Truman rules out military aid...
01 - Chinese and North Korean forces advance across the 38th Parallel and through UN lines.
01 - First episode of The Archers is broadcast nationally on the BBC Light Programme.
01 - Bill Byford (Saxon) born.
05 - Winston Churchill arrives in Washington for talks with Truman.
07 - General Dwight D Eisenhower says he will run for US President.
12 - The prototype Vickers Valiant, Britain's only long-range jet for carrying the atomic bomb, crashes.
13 - The Iranian...
01 - The Maldive Islands become a republic.
01 - Arthur 'Bomber' Harris is knighted in the New Year Honours list.
01 - Hank Williams dies.
02 - The RAFs first supersonic fighters, 400 US-designed Sabres, arrive at...
01 - Flashing indicator lights become legal on motor vehicles in Britain.
10 - A BOAC Comet jet airliner on its way from Singapore to London comes down into the Mediterranean about 20 minutes after taking...
01 - The US gives $216 million in aid to South Vietnam.
01 - The 1955 Cotton Bowl Classic American football game is won by the Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets.
02 - President José Antonio Remón Cantera...
01 - Sudan becomes an independent Republic.
03 - USSR gives technical aid to China.
03 - Movie star Mel Gibson is born in New York.
05 - Prince Rainier III of Monaco announces his engagement to actress...
Please note: Nostalgia Central is a digital scrapbook of television programmes, movies and other items of pop culture and social history from 1950 to 1999 and may feature outdated words, attitudes or images of a nature that some people may find offensive.